Citrus aurantium, ssp bergamia

Produce of Italy
Organic - Soil Association certified
Parts used - Peel
Extraction process - Expression


The oil is produced from the rind of the bitter orange tree by cold expression.  It is nearly exclusively cultivated in southern Italy in the Calabria region.  The fruits are harvested from November to January.

It contains close to 50% linalyl acetate along with bergamotine, bergaptene, limonene and linalol.  The bergaptene & bergamotine content (furocomarin) means that the oil is phototoxic and will cause burns to the skin if exposed to sunlight.  It is important not to apply bergamot oil prior to going into the sun or use a bergapten free bergamot oil.

The aroma:
Bergamot has a lovely fresh, citrus like, slightly bitter aroma and blends well with many others oils: Flowers, fruits, woods, spices

Bergamot has strong antiseptic properties.  It is also carminative, analgesic.  It has a strong effect on the mind, being uplifting and anti-depressant

Bergamot is phototoxic and should not be used in stay-on products or prior to going into the sun.
To use as an ingredient in creams and ointments, use the bergapten free bergamot





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